GAESUM Large Celtic javelin
GALERUS A large iron or bronze neck and shoulder guard, generally worn by a Retiarius styled gladiator on his left shoulder. See Types of Gladiators on our Gladiatorial Academy Page for a photo of a Retiarius.
GALEA / GALEAE A helmet / helmets made of leather.
GEMINA Twin - A nomen (name) adopted by some Legions
GENIUS Guardian Spirit
GENTILIS A foreigner or barbarian
GLADIATOR A combatant in the Arena who fights with a Gladius style sword. Consult Gladiators in the Arena for many photos and a dialog on gladiatorial combat and arena games.
GLADIUS General term for a sword, but generally refers to the classic Roman Army short sword. The term Gladiator comes from their use of the Gladius
GLADIUS HISPANIENSIS or "Spanish Sword". An early version of the short stabbing weapon with a blade 20 to 22 inches long, adopted from the Gauls circa 350 BC. Along with its later versions, "Mainz" and "Pompeii", it became the sword that conquered the Ancient World. Its long tapering point was especially well suited for ripping open the ring maile armor used by the Celts and Gauls. The Romans adopted this style of weapon, along with ring maile body armor, after their encounters with the Gauls in France and Spain.
GLANS An acorn. A ball of lead or stone used in a slingshot
GRADUS MILITARIS A standard and measured marching pace or cadence.
GRAFFITO - GRAFFITI Picture scratched in stone
GREETINGS Salutem - Salutem Plurimam Dicit - Many or Most Greetings
GREGALIS A "private", a common soldier
GROMA Surveying instrument
GUBERNATOR A ship's helmsman
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